Breeding rabbits is a profitable business. As a rule, the best breeds of rabbits are chosen for it so that the business is profitable. Rabbits Gray Giant belong to the meat-felted direction and are in great demand in different countries. They are beneficial in keeping and breeding, they are distinguished by pleasant external features and therefore are often purchased even as pets.
The history of the breed
Rabbit of breed Gray Giant
Rabbits of the Gray Giant breed were bred in the Poltava region in 1946-1952. The selection work was carried out in the Petrovsky Fur Farm. The method of crossing simple local rabbits with the Flandre breed was successful.
From Flandrov, this species inherited body weight, large bones, dimensions. From the local species - unpretentiousness to feeding, vitality, fecundity. In a short period of time, the breed spread throughout almost the entire territory of Ukraine and Russia, and was also noticed by foreign breeders and breeders. Today it is bred in many countries of Europe and Asia.
Description of breed of rabbits Gray GiantRead also these articles.
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Breed a crawl Gray Giant
The constitution of the animal looks rough. Rabbits of the Gray Giant breed have a body length of about 66 cm. Weight can reach up to 7.2 kg. The back is wide, straight. Chest circumference 37-39 cm on average. The chest is wide, deep. Possible availability of the fenders. Legs strong, thickish. The head is large, rough shape. Ears straight, arranged with the letter V, when viewed from the front.
Wool in this breed of medium length, not thick. The color of the guard hair is not uniform and is divided into separate sections according to color, as well as down hair. There are several colors of this species. The first "agouti" is like the color of a hare, only a little bit darker. The second is dark gray like a chinchilla. On the stomach, the skin is always lighter than on the back. There are also individuals of golden and ferruginous gray color, but, as a rule, in young animals. With age, the color of the coat changes to agouti or dark gray.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of the breed?
For a better understanding of the features of the Gray Giant, it is worth considering the advantages of the breed.
- The animal is fully adapted to the conditions of a temperate climate.
- Adult krol weighs 4.1-7.5 kg, depending on gender, nutrition, and some other points.
- Slaughter yield - 55-57%.
- After slaughter, they get not only a lot of meat, but also a large animal pelt.
- Fecundity and milkiness of females is high. Rabbits of breed Gray Giant are excellent, caring mothers.
- Individuals of the species are very calm, not nervous, therefore they are sometimes acquired as a pet.
- Ill rarely, the immune system is resistant to many diseases.
The disadvantages of the form.
- The commercial qualities of the Gray Giant are inferior to those of Flandre.
- Individuals with thin or curved limbs may occur in the litter, which is not typical of the species.
- Newborn rabbits Gray Giant have a mass of 81 g on average. By the second month they reach 1.5 kg, and by the third month - 2 kg. For the half-meat type, these are insufficient rates of early maturity.
- The skin of the Gray Giant is not very thick, so the prices for it are not very big.
- Animals eat a lot.
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Rabbits Gray Giant are most adapted to the conditions of a mild, temperate climate, although in the north they are bred with success. The main thing - to ensure optimal conditions of detention.
- It is better to keep the Gray Giant rabbits either in the free version (in the rabbit), or in a wooden cage.
- The room and the cells should be good, without drafts, dampness, mold. Inside it is kept warm, dry, comfort for animals.
- Rabbit hygiene and cage hygiene, if present, is maintained at all times. Cleaning is carried out daily or at intervals of 1-3 days - depending on the type of procedure. It is important to ensure that there are no unpleasant smells, decay, parasites and insect larvae in the room, which often appear when there is a bad harvest.
- From pests, rodents, it is necessary to disinfect and treat the room and cages two or more times a year - depending on the scale of the problem. If pests, mice or rats appear frequently, then over-processing will not hurt. Disinfection of cells is usually carried out by burning with a blowtorch - this is the easiest and most safe for rabbits, who are then hooked there.
- Before caulking, the relocation of new individuals into cells, during the period of infectious diseases, disinfection of cells is necessary. It is worth using a blowtorch, as mentioned above, or some other method. Among the alternatives they also distinguish: treatment with a 10% bleach solution, whitewashing with slaked lime.
How to feed rabbits?
Food of rabbits of breed Gray Giant
In the diet, the Gray Giant rabbits are not picky, but it is very important to adhere to the norms of feeding, check the quality of food and some other points.
- The rabbit's intestinal tract is released only if it receives new food, so you need to give food in small quantities, but regularly - then the gastrointestinal tract of the animal will work without interruption. At the same time, irregular or disproportionate food intake leads to digestive problems.
- The diet should be as varied as possible. If the food is given monotonous, the animal may begin to hurt, and the productivity will decrease. After all, the same food, the rabbits eat with a little hunt, but a variety, they eat actively.
- Dry food is always served with fresh water, so that after it eats, the animal can drink plenty.
- In the drinkers should always be fresh, clean water. Change it as necessary.
- It is advisable to establish one, a constant feeding schedule. This is necessary for the normalization of the digestive tract of the animal and for the convenience of the breeder.
- Special attention is paid to the feeding of pregnant and giving birth to females, as well as baby rabbits and male producers. Enough vitamins and minerals should be present in their diet.
- A change of diet in spring and autumn should always occur gradually, over the course of a week! Any abrupt changes can harm the digestion of the animal.
For the Gray Giant rabbits, it is very important to get a sufficient amount of juicy feed (vegetables, greens), but they are always given along with hay. At the same time the greens are fed dried. Vegetables give seasonal, as long as they are clean, not rotten and not spoiled.
Grain is suitable in the form of mash, crushed - so you can ensure maximum nutrients, because not all types of whole grains can gnaw rabbits. Compound feed often replaces or complements cereals. You can buy it or prepare it yourself if you have the necessary equipment.Interesting! In winter and early spring, when there is not enough healthy, vegetable food, you can germinate grain. It has an abundance of useful substances that are so necessary for crawlers at this time.
Breeding Gray Giants
Breeding Gray Giants
Breeding rarely causes problems. Males are fertile, active, especially with good, vitaminized feeding. About 7-8 rabbits are usually around, but the amount can reach up to 14. Survival is good, especially since females are caring moms, and they have a lot of milk.Important! You can not cross rabbits with blood relationship!
The first offspring of the Gray Giant rabbits is given as early as 3 months, but it is recommended to start from 5-6 months. To the rabbit finally grew. Pregnancy lasts about a month. 3-4 days before the birth, the female begins to prepare the nest: pulls out the fur on the stomach, coats it in the place where it will give birth. But if the female is not in a hurry, the breeder should take care of this. In order for the rabbit to be comfortable after giving birth, the place around should be soft, warm and absolutely clean!
After childbirth, it is desirable to ensure that the rabbit does not crawl away from the female, otherwise they will die. Help during childbirth is not needed, and rabbits cannot be picked up after birth, if the baby crawls away, it is gently pushed back to mommy, but hands should be in gloves. Babies can be moved away from the mother no earlier than on day 12, when the eyes open, otherwise they simply won’t find their way back. After the bunnies have grown up, they are weaned from the female and transferred to separate cages. From now on, they should receive the same care as other adult rabbits.