Isabella is an American black grape that is a natural hybrid. Due to its unpretentiousness and resistance to many diseases, Isabella grapes are known all over the world and are often grown both for personal consumption and for commercial purposes. His qualities and shortcomings will be discussed below in the article.
A bit of history
Isabella grapes and its leaves
Isabella grapes is the birthplace of North America. It is a natural hybrid of Vitis Labruska and Vitis Winifira. Isabella was discovered by William Prince (breeder) in 1816 in the garden of the Gibbs family. The name was given to him in the same year, in honor of the mistress of the garden Gibbs. And in the XIX century, he received the widest distribution in all corners of the planet.Interesting! Since the discovery, not only Isabella grapes are valued by growers, but also the leaves of the crop. They contain sugars, tannins, minerals and vitamins, so they are often used in traditional medicine and cooking.
In the countries of the Soviet Union Isabella grapes was one of the most famous and common varieties. It was available in almost every summer cottage or garden, decorated with arches, arbors. It was used not only for food or winemaking, but also for making delicious homemade juice. Today the plant grows well in Siberia, the Moscow region, but is most common in America, Europe, Georgia, Abkhazia, Azerbaijan.
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Table-technical hybrid Isabella grapes
Isabella grapes is a table-technical hybrid, having three subspecies: "Early Isabella", "Large-fruited" and "Pink". He refers to neopryvnymi species. Maturation later, the growing season 120-125 days. Productivity reaches 50 kg of berries from a bush. Transportability is excellent.
Bush grape varieties Isabella vigorous. The leaves are large, dark green on the front side and whitish from the inside. Clusters are conical, small, 150-250 g each. Density is average, although sometimes brush-dense berries are found. On one shoot can grow up to 8 beautiful bunches, but often 3-4 things.
The berries are medium in size (2.5-4 g), round. The color is dark purple, almost black. The peel is covered with a waxy bloom, easily separated from the pulp, chews well. The flesh is slippery, hard (when pressed on the berry slips out of the skin), yellow-green color. There are not many bones, but since the berries are small, they are very noticeable. The aroma causes fierce controversy, one it seems strawberry, and the other looks like the smell of a wet skin. Fresh grapes are consumed or used for processing (wine, juice).
The advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Dignity of grapes Isabella
The virtues of Isabella grapes are the cause of its prevalence and positive feedback from many gardeners.
- Isabella grapes are resistant to many fungal diseases, including oidium and mildew, chlorosis, anthracnose. Not afraid of it and phyllox.
- High humidity is not a big problem, so the variety is widespread in the Moscow region and in the northern regions of Europe.
- Productivity is high.
- It has a pleasant taste.
- It withstands temperatures down to -29 degrees Celsius, therefore it is grown even in the northern regions.
- This is an unpretentious plant that can grow on different soils and in different climatic conditions.
Now about the shortcomings of the Isabella variety.
- Drought does not tolerate. With a prolonged drought, which is not compensated for by abundant watering, the berries literally dry out and fall off, diseases can develop - the plant becomes vulnerable to pest attacks.
- The aroma of berries is not everyone likes. For many people, it is associated with the smell of a fox wet skin. And considering that after processing the fragrance does not completely disappear, this can be a serious problem.
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Grapes Isabella benefit and harm
Isabella has an abundance of useful properties. This is a low-calorie grape, in the berries of which there is a lot of iron, iodine, potassium, tannins, antioxidants, vitamin A, PP, B. Therefore, grapes of this variety are recommended in the treatment of the heart and blood vessels, thyroid, vision, nervous system. Grapes Isabella has a pleasant taste. Berries are used for fresh consumption, processing (juices, wines, compotes, jams, preserves, desserts, etc.).
Leaves are also considered helpful. They are often used as a wound healing agent to relieve pain, inflammation, heat. They have a strong flavor, so they are often put in dishes instead of seasonings. Often they are used in the preservation of zucchini, cucumbers, tomatoes.Interesting! Wines from Isabella grapes are considered low-grade, they also quickly grow old, so usually these grapes are used for blending from a mixture of different varieties.
If we talk about the dangers of Isabella grapes, then in itself it is almost harmless. It can be eaten if there are no contraindications (allergies, stomach ulcers, gastritis, diabetes, intolerance). However, in wine made from Isabella variety, there is an increased concentration of methanol, and aged drinks can give off the smell of rot. Therefore, in the United States and the European Union countries, the use of this grape variety for wine production is prohibited by law.
Features reproduction and care
Reproduction by cutting
Propagated by cuttings and rooting cuttings. Young saplings take root very quickly because it is a very unpretentious view with minimum requirements for planting and subsequent care. In the case of rooting cuttings need to bend the vine and sprinkle it with earth in the middle. When a branch at the exit from the ground becomes thicker than at the entrance, it means that the plant is rooted and it is possible to separate it from the parent plant. The cuttings are always planted in sunny places, protected from wind in fertilized and drained soil. Next set support to the bush curled up, and was a support for the young vine.Important! Plant Isabella grapes recommended in early spring or autumn.
Leaving is necessary minimum. Even if you “forget” about the culture for several years, it will still bear fruit, so they love to grow it in gardens and summer cottages. But, of course, for abundant fruiting and beautiful appearance of the plant, it needs to provide certain conditions.
- Watering is carried out regularly and abundantly. To simplify the task, you can plant a bush in a place with significant humidity or where there is a high level of groundwater.
- Pruning is recommended as needed, but on average 1-2 times a year. It is carried out on 3-4 eyes. In the fall, there is a period when the vine will throw off all the foliage, and in the spring it is carried out before the ground leaves are dissolved.
- When forming a bush you need to leave up to 8 healthy, beautiful shoots. Vine is sent in the right direction and shortened (at right angles) as needed.
- If during the beginning of the formation of ovaries clusters too much, you need to normalize them. The extra, small, painful, frail ones need to be cut off, so that the bush put all its strength to the development of large, healthy brushes.
- In the southern and middle regions it is grown as a non-covered species, but in the northern regions it needs to be mulched and covered with at least the main basal vine for the winter.
- Fertilizer is applied along with irrigation (liquid manure, mineral fertilizers). Either the land is mulched with humus (compost), and as irrigation takes place, the fertilizers will gradually penetrate deep into the soil.
Pests and diseases
Diseases and pests
With poor care, despite the resistance of Isabella to disease, he can get sick. Therefore, it is advisable to spray the grapes once a year as a preventive measure. To prepare a solution in 10 liters of water, dilute 10 tablespoons of salt and 5 tablespoons of soda. The mixture is stirred until dissolved, and then used as intended.
If pests have appeared on the vine or leaflets, you should use a solution of hydrated lime: 1 kilogram of lime is taken for 3 liters of water. This mixture is then diluted with 7 liters of water and used for spraying.
Gardeners reviews about Isabella grape variety
Albina Sergeevna: “I have been growing Isabella grapes for more than 10 years. I planted it near the gazebo, and now it is beautifully braided with these grapes. I like the taste and aroma of berries. I use them for making juice. It turns out very concentrated, but tasty. It has a pleasant sweetness and light sourness .
Edward Krotov: “I’m acquainted with Isabella from early childhood through my grandmother’s garden. Now I grow in my summer cottage. This is the most unpretentious variety of all - sometimes I don’t have to do it for several months, but it still bears fruit and very good!"
Alexey Sergeevich: "Isabella grapes are very good for growing, and the taste is pleasant. But I don’t like the wine. It does not turn out very pleasant - it tastes more like fermented compote. Therefore, I use it exclusively for home-made products like jam, jam, juice and food. "