Peperomia is a genus of perennial, evergreen plants belonging to the Pepper family. The plant is a beautiful, low bush. May branch or creep. In room conditions it grows quickly, it is distinguished by the decorative qualities of the leaves. Some varieties also produce attractive flowers.
Peperomia from tropical forests of South America and Asia. Cultivated varieties are grown at home, on the windowsill or in the garden. But in the latter case, you need to create almost perfect conditions for the plant.Interesting! It is believed that the peperomia flower harmonizes the heated atmosphere in the house and promotes friendly contacts at work and in the family.
The plant has very fleshy stems. The leaves are dense, opposite. Blossom does not attract attention. It is simple, so that the plant is grown as a decorative leafy. Often this culture is used in combination with other plants in flowerbeds and in indoor, green corners.
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There are about 1000 species in the peperomia genus. Not all of them are domesticated, there are wild species. But there are a lot of varieties suitable for indoor cultivation, not to list everything. The only thing that a florist needs is to determine for himself the most beautiful and suitable plants.
Types and varieties of Peperomia
- Pepperomia magnolia - perennial growing up to 25 mm in height. He has very branched stems, knotty. The leaves are glossy, arranged alternately, small in size. The color of the sheets is green, but there are varieties with variegated leaves. Flowers are small, light green.
- Peperomiya tupolistnaya - perennial herbaceous type. Stems without pubescence, green and fleshy. Leaves petiolate, oval, also fleshy. This species gave rise to many famous varieties.
- Peperomiya silver has a decorative appearance. Grows as an epiphyte or ground perennial plant. The main feature - green leaves streaked with white color that looks like a gentle, silver color.
- Clusaceous peperomia is a perennial herb. Leaves petiolate, dark green. The edges of the leaves have a lilac shade.
- Reddish peperomia also refers to perennials. She has red stems. The leaves are opposite. The top color is green and the bottom is red.
- Peperomiya wrinkled - low flower. The leaves are green, petiolate, grow from the root. They have a lot of brown veins. Spikelet inflorescence is one of the few species that has an attractive flowering.
- Monetal or round-leaved peperomia is an ampelous culture. It is characterized by creeping, long stalks. The leaves are small, like small green coins, from which the name came.
How to care for Peperomia at home?
People who think that home care for peperomia is very simple is quite mistaken. It is not as difficult as in the case of orchids, but it has a number of nuances.
- Illumination in a place where the flower stands should be bright, but direct sunlight should not fall on the leaves or stems.
- The temperature is maintained throughout the year in the same range. In the summer of +22 degrees, and in the winter +20 degrees. It should not go down or rise more!
- During the period of growing green mass, watering should be abundant, since the leaves and stems of the flower of peperomia contain a lot of moisture. The water is chosen soft, slightly warmer than room temperature. In autumn and winter, watering is reduced a little - the ground should dry out before the next watering can be done.
- Humidity is not particularly important, as the plant itself contains a lot of moisture. But if the air is too dry will not prevent spraying. It is desirable to carry out the procedure only in summer. But in the winter and autumn spraying can harm.
- For fertilizing use complex mineral fertilizers for indoor crops. They are made from spring to autumn every 15 days. In winter, fertilizing is needed once a month, not more often.
- To stimulate the branching of the stems or the development of lateral shoots, it is necessary to pinch long pagons.
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The flower is peperomia for the most part by cuttings and leaves. Upper stems are used for grafting. They are cut so that the handle was 2-3 knots. After the cuttings are prepared they are placed in water or in the ground. The first option is preferable, as it will be immediately visible when the roots are formed on the handle.
If the cuttings are planted in the ground, you need to prepare it. The land is made up of humus, peat and sand. Planted cuttings covered with film or glass and kept warm at +25 degrees. In about a month, roots will appear on them, the plant will begin to take root, and then you can plant the cuttings in separate pots.
The second breeding option - leaves. In this case, the leaf is cut and planted in a mixture of peat and sand. Replace a similar substrate with sphagnum or water. After 20-30 days, the leaflet will take root and can be transplanted into a separate pot.
In rare cases, when the bush of perperium reaches a considerable size during the spring transplant, it is simply divided into several parts. The division is carried out with a sharp tool, and all sections are processed with crushed coal. After the procedure, the plants are seated in separate pots.
Peperomiya Flower Transplant
For transplanting a peperomia flower, a pot is always taken a little larger than before. Below should be drainage holes. At the bottom of the pot lay a layer of drainage, and then a little earth. You can buy land in a store or make 2 parts of leafy earth and one by one of sand, humus and peat. Then the culture is removed from the old pot, put in a new one and sprinkled with earth.Important! Strongly pick the ground from the roots when transplanting culture is not necessary!
Young sprouts are transplanted once a year, and adult cultures are transplanted once every 2-3 years.
Possible growing problems
Problems in growing peperomia are quite natural. Largely due to the fact that its leaves contain a lot of moisture, it is sensitive to various changes in the care.
- The fall of the leaves is the cause of the temperature drop. It can also cause a lack of moisture.
- Yellow spots on the leaves - burns from direct sunlight.
- If the plant started to rot, then you need to reduce the number of waterings and sprays. In some of the most neglected cases, it is also necessary to transplant a flower to save its roots.
- Yellow leaves indicate too frequent feeding.
If yellow or dark spots appear on the leaves, it can be caused not only by the sun, but also by pests. The spider mite, scythe, nematodes, thrips, and the worm often live on this plant. You can get rid of pests by treating the plant with an insecticide.