The New Zealand white rabbit is a common breed. The animal has a pleasant exterior, good performance. Thanks to these qualities and unpretentiousness in the care of this fuzzy won the love of many farmers. Details about the features of the breed and its qualities can be found in this article.
How did the breed
The New Zealand white rabbit was bred in 1910 in the United States. Today it is one of the most popular breeds in Europe and the USA. When breeding, breeders sought to get a white breed of rabbits without inclusions or other shades. At the same time, new individuals should be beaten to have exceptional meat qualities. To obtain a new species used albino New Zealand red breed of rabbits and the White giants, they are Flandre.
When breeding, breeders sought to get a white breed of rabbits without inclusions or other shades
This breed was brought to Russia only in 1971. She is well accustomed and to this day is bred on large and small farms. The New Zealand white rabbit endures the harsh Russian winters and the hot summer heat.Interesting! Rabbits of the New Zealand breed have a calm disposition. They are resistant to stress, not afraid of sudden noise.
Today, these rabbits are bred for meat, fur, as an exhibition breed. Also, this species is often used in laboratory studies and breeding.
Purebred specimens in size are average, approximately 4-5 kg
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Purebred specimens in size are average, about 4-5 kg each. The torso of a New Zealand white rabbit in the shape of a cylinder. Muscles are well developed, not a lot of fat. The length of the male is on average 47 cm, and that of the female is 49 cm. The back is straight, the shoulder blades are wide. Females can have a beautiful, medium in size crochet. Paws are dense, large, with white claws. The neck is always short, the head is set low. Hunchbacked muzzle. The ears are short, dense, up to 10 cm. The eyes are red, although they are blue.Important! The New Zealand white rabbit should have the perfect bite.
The average length of a male is 47 cm, and that of a female is 49 cm.
The coat is short. It is dense, beautiful, silky to the touch, soft. Color exclusively white. Silver undercoat. Dark edging at the tips of the ears and the muzzle is also allowed.
Characteristics of the New Zealand White Rabbit
The rabbit white New Zealand has good characteristics and rather high productivity.
- Rabbits of the New Zealand white breed belong to the meat direction. Slaughter yield - 70%.
- The breed meat is tasty, juicy, very tender after cooking. Refers to dietary products.
The breed meat is tasty, juicy, very tender after cooking.
- Animals are capable of rapid reproduction.
- The individuals have a calm character, they are not aggressive. In one rabbitry with them you can keep other breeds.
- Unpretentious care, although you need to constantly monitor the temperature so that the rabbits do not overheat.
- Fur quality, very soft, tight. But in some cases, with the appearance of diseases or the loss of species, which rarely occurs, the fur can become rare, with bald spots.
NZB has a calm character, they are not aggressive. Other breeds can be kept in one rabbitry.
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Breeding New Zealand white rabbits is very profitable. Females are recommended to cover no earlier than 5 months, although their reproductive age is 4.5 months. The female that is left to breed the flock needs to be fertilized between the 10th and the 20th day after caul. Otherwise, the animal will start to gain weight.
Before breeding, it is necessary to make the rabbits all the necessary vaccinations to prevent the development of diseases, in the diet for 2-4 weeks begin to introduce premixes. Females in one litter give up to 12 rabbits, but most often 8-10. In females of this breed maternal instinct is well developed. They feed no less than 8 cubs without any problems; supplementary feeding is required in rare cases.
The young grow rapidly. By 2 months the weight reaches 1.8-2.2 kg. At about 3 months, the animals go to slaughter, by this time they weigh already 3.3 kg.
Females in one litter give up to 12 young rabbits, but more often 8-10
Maintenance and care
For the maintenance or care will not take a lot of time or money. Unlike the red variety of New Zealanders, the white species is more enduring. Animals have excellent health, they are not afraid of sudden noise.
This breed easily adapts to living in cages.Important! When holding this breed outdoors, animals lose some of their specific features. And if animals regularly stay in the heat, at high temperatures, they lose the ability to reproduce.
For the maintenance of this breed, it is necessary to make a closed rabbit. Inside, the temperature should not fall below +15 degrees Celsius, even in winter. It is difficult to tolerate high temperatures. So if it is more than 25 degrees outside, it is better to leave the animals in the rabbit per day and let them go for a walk in the evening. Otherwise they can get a heat stroke.
When kept in cages, it is important to provide them with a place for nesting. In principle, this breed can easily adapt to life in the cells, the mesh floor is not a problem for them because of the large, pubescent legs, the main thing is that the cells have everything necessary for their vital activity.
About once a year or more often, individuals need to be taken to the veterinarian for examination.
Cells or rabbitcher need to be cleaned from time to time, so as not to divorce the dirt. Do it with an interval of 1-3 days, depending on how many rabbits live in a dwelling, how old they are.
About once a year or more often, individuals need to be taken to the vet for an examination. This will avoid the appearance and development of diseases. It is also important to do all the vaccinations against diseases and infections in time.
How to feed the rabbits
The New Zealand white rabbit needs to be fed 2 times a day. Every day they should receive hay, pelleted feed, and root vegetables (beets, carrots). Instead of granulated feed, you can give a mixture of cereals (oats, corn, barley, wheat) with premixes. In winter, it is mandatory to feed branch feed (willow, aspen).It is important! You can not overfeed the rabbits, and any new food must be introduced gradually.
Instead of granulated feed, you can give a mixture of cereals with premixes
Lettuce, cabbage, parsnip, tomato pagons are excluded from the diet, because they can cause bloating. And the grass is given only in a dried form. It is important to ensure that the animal always has access to clean, fresh water. Boiled water is not worth taking, there are few useful substances. Before mating, you can add vitamins to the water.
New Zealand White Rabbits Reviews
The most beautiful New Zealand rabbits can not leave anyone indifferent. They are not only easy to breed, but also have high quality characteristics.
- Dmitry Pochta: “New Zealand white rabbits were purchased from abroad for their farm. These animals give good rabbits, they grow quickly, the female takes care of them herself, there is enough milk for everyone. Besides, by 3 months each young individual weighs about 3 kg! With an individual of 4.5 kg, the carcass was released at 2.5 kg. The fifth brood is already on the way. The breed is very satisfied. It is profitable, not troublesome in terms of care. "
- Konstantin Smirnov: “Unlike many other breeds, the New Zealand white rabbits very quickly pay for their maintenance. They are prolific, productive, and not demanding to care. Animals are peaceful, we have a railway near us, but rabbits quickly got used to the noise and now do not react to it "In feeding, you really need to be careful. You can’t overfeed them, otherwise the quality of meat decreases, and there will be a lot of fat. It’s better to feed the feed."
- Nina Moroz: “In terms of breeding and selling, the New Zealand rabbit was pleasantly pleased. Not only meat is highly valued, but also young individuals and fur. They breed very quickly and can be slaughtered as early as 3 months, so the profits are regular. The only drawback is feeding. Animals are fastidious, not everyone eats. It is easiest to give simple feed, but they do not always eat it, you need to choose a quality one. "